File Bankruptcy and Buy a New Car!

June 8, 2015

It may sound funny, but a new car purchase and a bankruptcy filing often go hand-in-hand. Bankruptcy reorganizes personal finances, and sometimes purchasing a new car is part of that reorganization.

Chapter 7
In some Chapter 7 cases it may be advantageous for an individual to purchase a new car before filing bankruptcy. If the individual has a good enough credit score, it may make sense to purchase a new car since credit rates and terms may change after the bankruptcy is filed.

In other cases it makes sense to purchase a new vehicle after a Chapter 7 bankruptcy filing. Individuals with very bad credit and outstanding debts may find that they are unable to finance a vehicle before filing bankruptcy. However, after the bankruptcy is filed, financing may be available. Why?

  • The individual has resolved the outstanding debts;
  • The individual’s debt –to-income ratio is usually low;
  • The Chapter 7 debtor can only receive one Chapter 7 discharge every 8 years;

Some lenders will approve a new car loan immediately after the debtor files bankruptcy with the assistance of an attorney; others require that the debtor first attend the 341 meeting; and still others require that the debtor receive a discharge before approving a loan.

Chapter 13
Like a Chapter 7 debtor, an individual contemplating Chapter 13 bankruptcy may find that purchasing a new car before filing bankruptcy is in his or her best interest. A unique feature of Chapter 13 is the ability to “cram-down” many vehicle loans. In 2005, Congress (at the behest of big banks) stopped debtors from cramming-down vehicle loans to value unless the loan is older than 910 days (approximately two and a half years). However, many bankruptcy courts will allow a Chapter 13 debtor to cram-down the interest rate, and sometimes any negative equity from a trade-in that was rolled into the loan.What this means is that if you purchase a new car before Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you may be able to use the bankruptcy laws to reduce the interest rate, the term (and pay up to five years), and in some cases strip off negative equity. Since success in Chapter 13 depends on predictable finances, controlling auto expenses and repairs in critical. As a side note, a new car purchase may also be attractive in situations where there is excess disposable income. The individual may be faced with an option of paying on a new car or paying unsecured creditors (like credit cards or medical bills).

A debtor may also purchase a new car during after filing Chapter 13 bankruptcy. A Chapter 13 bankruptcy is a three to five year repayment plan under the supervision of the federal bankruptcy court. Consequently, the debtor must have the approval of the bankruptcy court before incurring a new car debt. Obtaining Court approval can be difficult to navigate and always depends on the debtor’s financial situation.

Auto loans are often a large part of an individual’s finances. The individual’s automobile situation should be discussed and all options reviewed before filing bankruptcy. In many cases a purchasing a new car is a sound financial management.

If you are considering filing for bankruptcy please call the experienced attorneys at Fears Nachawati Law Firm to set up a free consultation. Call 1.866.705.7584 or send an email to fears@fnlawfirm.com.

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